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Benvenuto Tisi da Garofalo, Meditation of Saint Jerome, c. 1520-25, Samuel H. Kress Collection, New Orleans Museum of Art

Benvenuto Tisi da Garofalo, Meditation of Saint Jerome, c. 1520-25, Samuel H. Kress Collection, New Orleans Museum of Art

The Kress Foundation has contributed support to the creation of a range of online resources for the study of art history and art conservation. The list shared below is by no means exhaustive and will be periodically updated. The grantee organization is included after the title of each resource in brackets.

These Kress Sponsored Online Resources are organized into the following categories:

Digital Art History


W.G. Constable papers, 1905-1983, bulk 1920-1976
[Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Art]

Duveen Brothers Records
[J. Paul Getty Trust]

Guide to the Records

Finding Aids
Duveen Brothers records, 1876–1981
Duveen Brothers stock documentation from the dealer's library, 1829–1965

Digitized Materials
Duveen Brothers records, 1876–1981
Duveen Brothers stock documentation from the dealer's library, 1829–1965

Knoedler Gallery Stock Books
[J. Paul Getty Trust]
Searchable within the Getty Provenance Index:

Jacques Seligmann & Co. records, 1904-1978
[Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Art]

Wilhelm Reinhold Valentiner papers, 1853-1977
[Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Art]

A Guide to Provenance Research at the Archives of American Art
[Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Art]

Online Resources for World War II Era Art Provenance Research
[Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Art]



University of Delaware Technical Art History Website
[University of Delaware]

Conservation Center of the Institute of Fine Arts, New York University
[New York University]
Coming Soon


Digital Art History

Digital Art History resources are organized into the following categories:

Art & Research Collections
Collections of images, archival documents, and publications.

Teaching Resources

Tools and APIs
Resources that enable the manipulation, cross-reference, contextualization, or visualization of data.


Art & Research Collections

Corpus Rubenianum Ludwig Burchard Online
[King Baudouin Foundation on behalf of the Rubenianum]
The online publication of twenty-two volumes of the Corpus Rubenianum Ludwig Burchard (CRLB).

The Digital Cicognara Library
[J. Paul Getty Trust, Princeton University, National Gallery of Art, Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana]
An international initiative to recreate in digital form the remarkable private book collection of Count Leopoldo Cicognara (1767–1834). Though assembled in the Romantic era, Cicognara’s collection stands as an important scholarly resource for the literature of art and archaeology.

Digitized Art Auction Catalogs of John G. Johnson
[Philadelphia Museum of Art]
Mr. Johnson’s collection of 18th and 19th century European art auction catalogs, which were donated to the Philadelphia Museum of Art along with 1200 masterpieces of European painting, are of vital importance to our understanding of the history of collecting and connoisseurship in the United States. In many instances, these catalogs are the only versions annotated with the prices realized in actual sales and/or information pertaining to the buyers.

Fondazione Federico Zeri Photo Archive
[Artstor, Fondazione Federico Zeri]
The photo archive is comprised of over 290,000 photos of artworks and monuments. Besides its rich Italian painting series, the kernel of the archive, it contains sizable core collections covering Still life, Italian sculpture, Archaeology, the Applied arts.

French Sculpture Census
[Nasher Sculpture Center]
The Census of French Sculpture in American Public Collections (1500-1960) includes approximately 7,300 sculptures in places as diverse as museums, historic houses, government buildings, corporate collections, and public spaces. The Census is constantly growing and the ultimate number of works included will likely be between 15,000 and 20,000.

Homeless Paintings of the Italian Renaissance
[Harvard University]
A project of the Berenson Library at the Villa I Tatti, to catalog, digitize and make available online the Photograph Archive’s images of "homeless" paintings (or those paintings whose location is unknown) by Italian artists between the thirteenth and the sixteenth centuries.

Italian Renaissance Document Site (IRDS)
[University of Kent in America]
An online resource containing every known original document regarding the lives and art of central Italian Renaissance artists between 1440 and 1520.

Leonardo da Vinci & His Treatise on Painting
[University of Virginia]
This digital archive is dedicated to the Treatise on Painting, the pivotal text for disseminating Leonardo's art theory in Renaissance and Baroque Europe.

National Inventory of Continental European Paintings (NICE Paintings)
[University of Glasgow]
An online inventory of pre-1900 Continental European oil paintings in the UK's public collections. The database was created by the National Inventory Research Project (NIRP), based at the University of Glasgow. It contains detailed, newly researched records, and an increasing number of digital images, of about 10,500 paintings, principally in smaller regional collections.

Photographic Archive of the American Academy in Rome Online
[American Academy in Rome]
The Photographic Archive of the American Academy in Rome consists of several valuable and specialized collections of photographs on archaeology, architecture and art, as well as landscape architecture and gardens. It also includes special collections important to the history of the Academy.

Royal Academy Exhibition Catalogs Online
[American Associates of the Royal Academy Trust]
Including the Royal Academy Winter Exhibitions, 1870-1913, digitized with Kress support.


Teaching Resources

Art History Pedagogy and Practice
[City University of New York]
Art History Pedagogy & Practice is a peer-reviewed open access e-journal devoted to scholarship of teaching and learning in art history.

Art History Teaching Resources
[City University of New York]
AHTR is a peer-populated platform for art history teachers, providing content including, but not limited to, lesson plans, video introductions to museums, book reviews, image clusters, and classroom and museum activities.

Italian Renaissance Learning Resources
[Oxford University Press]
The site features eight units, each of which explores a different theme in Italian Renaissance art. Users can explore thematic essays, more than 300 images, 300 glossary items, and 42 primary source texts.

Smarthistory is the most visited art history resource in the world. It provides free, award-winning digital content, created by hundreds of leading scholars.


Tools & APIs

The Digital Milliet Project
[Tufts University]
This project brings together digitized passages of Greek and Latin that are related to painting in the ancient world, creating a cross-referenced database that a user can search by author, title, or topic.

The Drawings of Florentine Painters by Bernard Berenson
[Harvard University]
Drawings of the Florentine Painters is a digital resource based on Berenson’s publication of the same name. This research tool allows you to search for any of the drawings listed in the three editions (1903, 1938 in English; 1961, in Italian).

Fashion History Timeline
[Fashion Institute of Technology Foundation]
The Fashion History Timeline is an open-access source for fashion history knowledge, featuring objects and artworks from over a hundred museums and libraries that span the globe.

Mapping Paintings
[Boston University]
Mapping Paintings offers a searchable provenance index of hundreds of paintings and allows users to create customizable collections and maps that show the movement of the pictures over time and space.

Mapping Rome
[University of Oregon]
An encyclopedic geo-database comprised of multi-layered maps replete with vetted annotations, important dates, patrons, artists, relevant bibliography, photographic and historic images, and other metadata. 

Mapping Titian
[Boston University]
Mapping Titian offers a searchable provenance index of Titian’s attributed pictures and allows users to create customizable collections of paintings and customizable maps that show the movement of the pictures over time and space.

Paris Past & Present
[University of California, Los Angeles]
A digital project that aims to create interactive 3D-digital models of great ‘lost’ monuments, architectural complexes, and diverse quartiers of medieval Paris.

PHAROS Photo Archives Visual Search Tool
[The Frick Collection]
Using a group of 97,075 images of Italian works of art represented in 8 of the PHAROS photoarchives, this tool examines the potential of visual searching in the pursuit of research.

Watermark Identification in Rembrandt’s Etchings (WIRE)
[Cornell University]
The WIRE identification tool is based on the model of the decision tree, a branching graph that allows the researcher to visualize all possible outcomes of a series of decisions. The interface allows a user to upload their own watermark image in an image editor box and select the matching watermark type. Users can then follow a sequence of questions, with annotated images supplied for further guidance.


Last Updated December 10, 2020